History

St. Charles County was established in 1812. It was named for the Spanish district once located here, San Carlos, from Saint Charles Borromeo. St. Charles city lies just to the northwest of St. Louis, Missouri, on the Missouri River, and played for a time a significant role in the United States' westward expansion. It is the second oldest city west of the Mississippi, founded in 1765 as Les Petites Côtes, "The Little Hills", by Louis Blanchette, a French Canadian fur trader and was the last "civilized" stop for the Lewis and Clark Expedition. The city served as the first Missouri capital, from 1821 to 1826. It is the site for the Saint Rose Philippine Duchesne shrine. The first church, built in 1791, was dedicated to San Carlos Borromeo, and the town became known as San Carlos del Misuri: "St. Charles of the Missouri". The Spanish Lieutenant-Governor Carlos de Hault de Lassus appointed him commandant of the Femme Osage District, which he served until the United States government assumed control in 1804. The name of the town, San Carlos, was anglicized to become St. Charles. Daniel Boone was one of the early settlers in St. Charles County, migrating from Kentucky. The Lewis & Clark Expedition departed from St. Charles on their historic journey to the Pacific and when you visit Saint Charles County you'll discover tranquil towns and a colorful historic past.

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  This St. Charles County website page is for History, Facts, Archives, Records, Museums, Exhibits, Documents, Genealogy, Libraries, Historians, Timeline, Research, Historic Preservation, Ancestry and Statistics in St. Charles County, Augusta, Cottleville, Dardenne Prairie, Defiance, Flinthill, Foristell, Lake Saint Louis, New Melle, O Fallon, O'Fallon, Portage des Sioux, Saint Charles, Saint Paul, Saint Peters, Wentzville, West Alton, Flint Hill, Harvester, Josephville, Matson, Orchard Farm, St. Charles, St. Paul, St. Peters, Weldon Spring, West Alton and Weldon Spring Heights. Places of interest in St. Charles County include UMB Bank Pavilion, Mississippi River, Missouri River, Lambert St. Louis International Airport, Alton Belle Riverboat Casino, Daniel Boone Home, Lewis and Clark, St. Charles Rock Road, Hideaway Harbor Park, Klondike Park, Matson Hill Park, Indian Camp Creek Park, Katy Trail State Park, City of St. Charles Skate Park, Demolition Ball & Adrenaline Zone, Frontier Park, Johnny Throttle Speedway, McNair Park, O'Fallon Sports Park, Raging River Waterpark, Swing-A-Round Family Fun Center and Wapelhorst Park.